Focus on what you do know – A few reminders when it comes to investing

by | Oct 5, 2022 | Uncategorized

Year to date investors have been fleeing from risk assets due to a confluence of intertwining
factors. This includes very hawkish central banks globally trying to fight persistently high
inflation, a softer global growth outlook, the war in Ukraine and further supply shocks (just to
name a few). It is understandable that some investors are feeling fearful and defeated by the
current market volatility and muted returns.

When very persistent negative narratives are so visible, it becomes very difficult for investors to
focus on anything else. We become obsessed with the things we don’t know and how markets
will play out over the short term, and we lose sight of the things we do know.

When it comes to investing, what do we know?

1. Crisis brings about opportunity

In the words of John F. Kennedy: “The word ‘crisis’ is composed of two characters—one
represents danger and one represents opportunity.”

There is no doubt that change usually happens because of a crisis. A look back in history quickly
reveals numerous ways that crises have offered unexpected benefits for societies, countries, and
humanity. The outbreak of Covid-19 accelerated the trend for technology adoption within
businesses, World War II paved the way for the birth of the United Nations and Bretton Woods
institutions, and the 2008 global financial crisis led to major economies forming the G-20

2. The world isn’t ending, even if it feels like it. And if the world does end, your portfolio
will not matter.

Even when we have crashes, pandemics, recessions, bear markets and geopolitical upheaval
the world doesn’t actually come to an end. Just as the sun rises and sets daily and the earth
keeps on turning, the world continues to operate, even if in an adapted way.

There will always be scary headlines and intelligent-sounding narratives about why the world is
coming to an end. If it does, our problems will be much bigger than worrying about what we are
invested in.

3. There is always a trade-off

Life is a series of trade-offs, and greater results usually require greater trade-offs. For example
– money versus time, family versus work, job security versus job opportunity. The same goes for

Every investment decision you make is simply a trade-off from one risk to another. Risk never
completely goes away no matter how hedged you think you are. When you combine risk with
an inherently uncertain future, investing is not always that much fun. But, there is always
something worth investing in.

The price of admission to the stock market is bone-crushing volatility, a lumpy return stream
along with the pain that is brought about when you witness your life savings reducing in value.

The trade-off (or rather gain) is long-term returns above the rate of inflation, compounding that
can earn you multiples of your initial investment and access to the greatest wealth-building
machine ever created – the stock market.

4. Over the long term, the market does go up

This is an easy one because long-term data does not lie. Most of the time markets are positive
(as per the graph below). Corporations like making profits. Money must go somewhere and
people like the returns they get in the stock market. Simple.

But to derive these positive returns, you have to be invested. Unfortunately, that involves staying
invested through periods where markets go down. Why? Because no one can accurately and
consistently time the market.

5. Forecasting adds little value

It is certainly standard practice in the investment management industry to hypothesize macro
forecasts, share them on request, and bet clients’ money on them.

It also seems conventional for money managers to trust in forecasts, especially their own. This
is risky business. As soon as you realise that you don’t have an edge in forecasting macro events
or political events your life becomes somewhat easier. In short – forecasting is a fool’s game.

Amos Tversky once said, “It’s frightening to think that you might not know something, but more
frightening to think that, by and large, the world is run by people who have faith that they know
exactly what’s going on.”

In closing – I want to challenge you today to stop worrying about everything that you don’t

But what about inflation, the upcoming election, the duration of the bear market, and interest
rates? There will always be an endless amount of questions, but the main answer to all these is
that there is no way to know with certainty how any of these factors will impact your

Focus on what you do know. Continue to save and invest independently of what the market is
doing. None of us has control over what happens in the market or can accurately predict
macroeconomic factors.

What we do have control over is how much we save, how we allocate our assets, how often we
check the market value of our portfolios and how we make intelligent investment decisions.

Article by: Morningstar Investment Management South Africa
Debra Slabber

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